Ground actions to validate practicality of low emissions development that simultaneously meets climate objectives & socioeconomic priorities are progressing in Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire & the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
In Cameroon, in line with the NDC priority to increase renewable energy installed capacity & enhance green agro-value chains, feasibility studies have been concluded on 4 sites. Here pilot actions of greening agro-value chains using clean energy, Information Communication Technology (ICT) and efficient transport are been undertaken. Specific actions involve linking off-grid micro-hydro plants of up to 30kW & solar plants to various levels of cassava processing & value addition. The cassava products will then be linked to markets & supply chains using low carbon print mobile applications instead of traditional paper processes & physical travel that have a higher carbon print. Already, a mobile app to facilitate this linkage complete with a payment gateway has been tested.
In Cote D’Ivoire, in line with NDC priorities to increase renewable energy, enhance waste management and smart agriculture, the ground action is demonstrating an agriculture waste to energy & bio-fertilizer production as a low emissions development path. The waste to energy is expected to reduce the forest harvesting for firewood to enhance forest sinks & reduce land based emissions. The bio-fertilizer is expected to enhance a smart agriculture industry pathway of creating jobs while enhancing food security. Two waste-to-energy enterprises are developing bio-digesters & fuel briquettes from rice waste. The slurry from these waste-to-energy systems will be used to manufacture bio-fertilizer. The accompanying business plan is to sell the improved stoves to eateries businesses in the area to reduce their reliance on charcoal & kerosene thus cut their fuel costs. The bio-fertilizer will be sold to farmers in the area. Feasibility studies are near finalized and 2 sites have been selected to conduct the pilot actions.
In DRC, the demonstration focuses on waste-to-energy & bio-fertilizer with linkage to consolidate DRCs REDD+ process. This responds to leading DRC NDC priorities of waste to energy, forest management, sustainable agriculture and scaling clean energy by integrating them for complementarity. The REDD+ component is critical considering DRC holds Africa’s largest & the world’s second largest rainforest storing 25-30 billion tons of carbon. This is under threat considering biomass is the source of fuel for 94% of DRC’s population and creates income opportunities through harvesting up to 490,000 tons of charcoal annually. Through this project, a trajectory of alternative domestic fuel & livelihood opportunities in briquettes & organic fertilizer production will be established to forestall forest degradation. A site, North Kivu has been shortlisted to build on on-going briquettes enterprises by including a component of using “agriculture & household waste” and additional product of bio-fertilizer.